Combination of analgesic drugs and muscle relaxants. The main therapy nowadays.
Effective when the patient rest and still. But can’t control the pain associated with exertion.
Self-compression of the fracture site with hands to reduce chest wall movement.
Usually not practical for old and weak patients.
Girdle the chest wall with a band. Afford compressing immobilization with a simple device.
Easy and cheap. But the compressing immobilization restricts the expansion of thorax at inspiration. And the compression may cause further displacement of the broken rib and cause complications. Not recommended by ATLS in elder patients.
Skin traction with an elastic tape to immobilize the broken ribs along with the muscles.
Need special technique to apply adequately.
Use an aluminum scaffold to immobilize the muscle and fracture site.
Difficult to make the scaffold perfectly match the body surface. Once not perfectly matched, the fixation ability would be much limited.
Open reduction and internal fixation of the fracture site. It’s the most effective treatment.
Need a big incision and anesthesia. The cost is very high.
A novel skin traction device that immobilizes the fracture site by an extension way.
Non-invasive. Physiological design.